Jesus-Our-High-Priest, ordained in the Order of Melchizedek (Psalm 110:4). Who was Melchizedek and what is the relevance of this Order pertaining to Jesus Christ?


Credit: Google Images

Could Jesus, During His Earthly Life, Have Become High Priest? 

The answer of course is No! Not in the Temple operating under Mosaic Law!

Under Mosaic Law there was only one way for a man to qualify for the priesthood - he had to be descended from the tribe of Levi!

Jesus, a descendant of the tribe of Judah, was therefore automatically disqualified.

For Him to be ordained as High Priest means that it must then be under a different Priestly Order.

This is not surprising! In fact this is exactly what was prophesied in the Old Testament! We read in Psalm 110:4  (NLT):

The Lord has taken an oath and will not break his vow: "You are a priest forever in the order of  Melchizedek."

This of course then raises further questions:

  • Who was Melchizedek?
  • What is his relationship with Jesus-Our-High-Priest? 
  • Surely this heralds the proclamation of a New Covenant?

Abraham And Melchizedik, Priest-King Of Salem.

Credit: Google Images

Who Was Melchizedek?

Let us take a look at what more we can learn from what we read in the Bible. Here are some excerpts from Hebrews and Genesis:

Hebrews 7:1 – 3: This Melchizedek was king of the city of Salem and also a priest of God Most High. When Abraham was returning home after winning a great battle against the kings, Melchizedek met him and blessed him. Then Abraham took a tenth of all he had captured in battle and gave it to Melchizedek. The name Melchizedek means “king of justice,” and king of Salem means “king of peace.”

Genesis 14:18-20: Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram, saying, "Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth. And praise be to God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything. (NIV)

From what we read in the Bible, Melchizedek becomes an enigma. Let us list the Biblical references to Melchizedek we find in: Genesis 14:18-20; Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1-17:

  • He was King of Salem, a city in Canaan, which later became Jerusalem.
  • Melchizedek lived a holy and righteous life.
  • In the midst of paganism and idolatry, he worshiped and faithfully served God Most High.
  • The enigma: "There is no record of his father or mother or any of his ancestors- no beginning or end to his life. He remains a priest forever, resembling the Son of God." (NLT)

We still cannot establish where he came from, or what happened to him.

This of course raises further questions:

  • What does the priesthood of Melchizedek represent?
  • What is his relationship with Jesus-Our-High-Priest?
  • Surely this heralds the proclamation of a New Covenant?

The Old Covenant

The New Covenant

Credit: Google Images

The Priesthood Of The New Covenant As Opposed To That Of The Old Covenant.

This difference between these Covenants is most clearly understood if we examine the primary sacrificial Passover Ritual (Yom-Kippur). I expand on this in my page Jesus-Christ-Our-Scapegoat.

***Under the Old Covenant***: 

Under the Old Covenant this ritual, celebrating God's rescue of the nation of Israel from of slavery in Egypt, was enacted as follows:

  • First the High priest sacrifices an ox as atonement for his own sins.

  • Two goats are then brought forward.
  • One is ceremonially loaded with the corporate sins of the people and sent into the wilderness to perish.
  • The other is slaughtered and sacrificed as an atonement for the peoples’ sins.
  • The blood of this animal is then taken into the Holy Of Hollies and sprinkled over the ark.

This ritual was repeated annually, emphasizing the transitory and imperfect nature of our human existence.


***Under the New Covenant:***

Under the New Covenant, with Jesus-Our-High-Priest, this ritual becomes obsolete. The sanctification wrought by the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ is once-off, permanent, eternal, and all encompassing.

Hebrews 7:11-18 (NLT)

"So if the priesthood of Levi, on which the law was based, could have achieved the perfection God intended, why did God need to establish a different priesthood, with a priest in the order of Melchizedek instead of the order of Levi and Aaron?

And if the priesthood is changed, the law must also be changed to permit it. For the priest we are talking about belongs to a different tribe, whose members have never served at the altar as priests. What I mean is, our Lord came from the tribe of Judah, and Moses never mentioned priests coming from that tribe.

This change has been made very clear since a different priest, who is like Melchizedek, has appeared. Jesus became a priest, not by meeting the physical requirement of belonging to the tribe of Levi, but by the power of a life that cannot be destroyed. And the psalmist pointed this out when he prophesied,

“You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”

Yes, the old requirements about the priesthood have been set aside because they were weak and useless.The law with all its ordinances never made anything perfect.

Now however we can have confidence and a better infallible hope, grounded in Jesus-Our-High-Priest, through whom we can draw near to God.

***!!! NEWS FLASH !!!***

Jesus Christ is, in his person, the Preeminent, All-encompassing, Everlasting personification of The Ceremony Of Yom-Kippur!

Credit: Google Images

Jesus Christ - The Personification Of Yom Kippur!!!

How many believers fully grasp the meaning, implications, and profound immensity of this fact? The three proponents that were involved in enacting the annual ritual ceremony of Yom-Kippur (the Day of Atonement) were:

1.    The High Priest.

2.    The Sacrificial Goat.

3.    The Scapegoat.

We readily accept that, under the New Covenant, Jesus identifies with each of these roles. What must not be overlooked however are the implications! Jesus Christ not only identifies with each role-player, but in fact encompasses the whole ceremony!

 Surely it must be obvious that the very institution of this ritual was in fact a prophecy of the eventual role of the coming Messiah? Christ is in fact not only Jesus-Our-High-Priest, but also Jesus our Sacrificial goat, and Jesus-Our-Scapegoat.

Jesus-Our-High-Priest is in fact our Yom-Kippur! Amen!!!

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